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Surface Engineering and Technology for Biomedical Implants by Yoshiki Oshida

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Chapter 3

Interfacial Reactions Between Vital Tissue and Nonvital Implant Surfaces

In some cases, once a certain type of implantable core material is chosen, the material is almost ready for implantation due to the acceptable biocompatibility. In most cases, the surface itself is not good enough to achieve successful implant performance. The surface needs to be altered accordingly to accommodate/facilitate the actual biological activities upon placement of the implants. It is, therefore, essential to review interfacial reactions between placed nonvital implant surfaces (either surface treated or untreated) and receiving vital hard/soft tissues.

3.1. Introduction

Any material applicable for surgical implantation gives rise to a wide spectrum ...

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